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Philippines’ Rare Dwarf Buffalo Set On Ambitious Course For A Comeback

dwarf buffalo tamaraw

dwarf buffalo tamarawPhotograph by Barney Lengthy, International Wildlife Conservation

Staff Commits to Restoring the Critically Endangered Tamaraw-a Supply of Filipino Satisfaction-Throughout Historic Vary By 2050

The Philippines’ proposed nationwide land animal, a dwarf buffalo referred to as tamaraw, might once more roam wild throughout the nation’s Mindoro Island by 2050, based on an formidable conservation plan being developed by a staff of native, nationwide and worldwide conservationists, policymakers and indigenous peoples. The Nationwide Tamaraw Conservation Motion Plan, which is spurring large enthusiasm for conservation within the Philippines, will contain growing the populations of tamaraw presently present in solely three recognized places and reintroducing tamaraw to 2 different websites the place they have been as soon as discovered

“A future with multiple populations of tamaraw across Mindoro will mean this iconic wild cattle species has the greatest chance of long-term survival,” stated James Burton, chair of the Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Fee Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group and affiliate conservation scientist for International Wildlife Conservation. “The ambitious recovery program will be a model for the conservation of other species across the Philippines and, if all goes according to plans, could be one of the world’s greatest conservation success stories in the coming years.”

Tamaraw are the Philippines’ proposed nationwide land animal and listed as a critically endangered species on the IUCN Purple Listing of Threatened Species. They stand at about four ft on the shoulders and cost when frightened. Solely about 500 people are left on Mindoro Island-the solely place the species lives-80 % of that are present in Mounts Iglit-Baco Pure Park. The 2 different recognized populations on the island are small with solely about 50 and 12 people—and with out conservation measures would possible go extinct within the subsequent few many years.

The newly creating plan for tamaraw conservation attracts on current tamaraw distribution and inhabitants knowledge. The plan will handle the first threats to the species by making certain zero poaching of the animals, working with ranchers to stop the unfold of illness from home cattle to the tamaraw, managing invasive species such because the plant shrub Chromolaena odorata, and collaborating with the indigenous communities to handle their land in a approach that integrates their cultural and improvement wants with the restoration of the tamaraw.

The creating Nationwide Tamaraw Conservation Motion Plan is the product of a Inhabitants and Habitat Viability Evaluation (PHVA) workshop this month, 22 years after the final PHVA for tamaraw. Since then, the inhabitants of tamaraw has grown from 150 people to greater than 400 in Mounts-Iglit Baco Pure Park—the place conservation suggestions from the final PHVA have been carried out. As a result of the inhabitants right here has grown however is restricted to a small space, the group will have the ability to relocate a few of these animals to start out new populations and complement small populations.

“It is because of the success of the last PHVA that we are able to develop this ambitious recovery plan now,” stated Ma. Teresita Pineda, Jr.-David, coordinator of the Tamaraw Conservation Program. “We were warned at that time of the possibilities that could happen to our tamaraw population and we took action to protect it. Conservation is a shared responsibility, so we must continue doing the best we can by empowering our local communities who are very much willing to take part in tamaraw conservation.”

Among the many eight Mangyan tribes of Mindoro, three nonetheless share their dwelling area with the tamaraw and can strongly affect the long-term destiny of the species—and, actually, all recognized tamaraw stay in areas managed by indigenous individuals. This PHVA workshop included representatives from three indigenous communities, the Tau Buid, Buhid and Alangan. A protected space administration plan for Mounts Iglit-Baco Pure Park consists of serving to the Tau Buid get hold of official recognition of their ancestral area, which is the correct that the native communities need to stay in and use assets from locations that their individuals have traditionally lived in. As soon as they obtain recognition of their ancestral area, they may develop a administration plan that aligns with the administration plan for Mounts Iglit-Baco Pure Park, together with tamaraw conservation measures.

Mindoro Island is the seventh largest island within the Philippine archipelago. Along with the tamaraw, 16 different wildlife species stay on Mindoro Island and nowhere else on the earth, together with Oliver’s warty pig and the Mindoro imperial-pigeon. The mountainous island was as soon as totally forested, however its forests have been cleared for agriculture, cattle ranching and business logging, forcing tamaraw dwelling in Mounts Iglit-Baco Pure Park to inhabit grassland areas of the island.

“The tamaraw is a natural heritage that is found only in the island of Mindoro,” stated Josefina De Leon, division chief of the DENR’s Wildlife Assets Division. “It shares its domain with other island-endemic and indigenous species of wildlife. Conserving the tamaraw and its habitat throughout its known range in the island would mean the conservation of Mindoro biodiversity that sustains the ecological functions and services in the island.”

Greater than 70 people have been a part of the PHVA workshop. Collaborating organizations within the PHVA workshop included the Division of Surroundings and Pure Assets (Biodiversity Administration Bureau, Tamaraw Conservation Program, Regional Workplace-MIMAROPA, PENR/CENR Workplaces and Protected Space Administration Workplaces), the IUCN Species Survival Fee Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group, International Wildlife Conservation, the IUCN Species Survival Fee Conservation Planning Specialist Group, the D’ABOVILLE Basis (DAF), Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Basis, Inc., WWF Philippines, and Middle for Conservation Innovation.

Further quotes

Barney Lengthy, senior director of species conservation, International Wildlife Conservation

“Unlike the bald eagle, America’s national animal, very few people actually see a tamaraw because they’re only found on one island. And yet tamaraw are a tremendous source of national pride, especially on Mindoro, where everyone feels a sense of duty to save this animal. It is that enthusiasm, backed now by this audacious plan, that gives us hope for the future of the tamaraw.”

Emmanuel Schütz, program supervisor for the Mangyan-Tamaraw Pushed Panorama Program, D’ABOVILLE Basis

“I was especially glad to see several Mangyan Indigenous groups from various tribes and different locations in Mindoro, meeting together in the same room and discussing common challenges with a clear desire to contribute to the overall workshop and bringing very valuable input. It is crucial to help them build consistent solutions, in line with their cultural practices in order to cope with the multiple challenges they are facing today.”

Caroline Lees, program officer, Conservation Planning Specialist Group

“I am extremely hopeful for the future of the Tamaraw. We know from the successes that followed the 1996 PHVA workshop that the people of Mindoro are capable of great conservation achievements. I am confident that with sufficient support, the Tamaraw Conservation Program and its network of collaborators will be able to extend the successes seen at Mount Iglit-Baco to additional sites.”

Josephine Y. Ramirez-Sato, congresswoman for Occidental Mindoro in closing ceremony speech

“It is not just our moral responsibility to the Philippine nation and to the Filipino people to save the tamaraw, it is our responsibility to the whole world because you can’t find the tamaraw anywhere else in the world. It is only here. So we are conserving the natural patrimony not only of Occidental Mindoro, but the patrimony of the whole world.”

International Wildlife Conservation

GWC conserves the variety of life on Earth by safeguarding wildlands, defending wildlife and supporting guardians. We maximize our influence by means of scientific analysis, biodiversity exploration, habitat conservation, protected space administration, wildlife crime prevention, endangered species restoration, and conservation management cultivation. GWC has protected greater than 350,000 acres of key habitat on the earth’s biodiversity hotspots, protected habitat for greater than 150 threatened species and for greater than 17,000 different species to stop them from turning into threatened sooner or later. Study extra at

Division of Setting and Pure Assets – Tamaraw Conservation Program

The Tamaraw Conservation Program (TCP) goals to save lots of the tamaraw from extinction. That is achieved by way of common patrols by TCP Rangers in tamaraw habitats, and by consciousness elevating. TCP is a program of the Division of Surroundings and Pure Assets (DENR) of the Philippines. Discover out extra at

 IUCN SSC Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group

The AWCSG is made up of biologists, conservationists and zoo professionals dedicated to the conservation of Asia’s 9 wild cattle species. We conduct and help analysis and conservation tasks and lift consciousness for these threatened species. We’re one among over 120 Specialist Teams of the Species Survival Fee (SSC), developed by the Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Discover out extra at

 CPSG boilerplate

The IUCN SSC Conservation Planning Specialist Group (CPSG) is a worldwide community of conservation professionals devoted to saving threatened species by growing the effectiveness of conservation efforts worldwide. For over 30 years, CPSG has completed this utilizing scientifically sound, collaborative planning processes that deliver collectively individuals with numerous views and information to catalyse constructive conservation change. CPSG supplies species conservation planning experience to governments, different SSC Specialist Teams, zoos and aquariums, and different wildlife organisations.


IUCN is a membership Union composed of each authorities and civil society organisations. It harnesses the expertise, assets and attain of its greater than 1,300 Member organisations and the enter of greater than 13,000 specialists. This yr, IUCN celebrates its 70th anniversary. Since its institution in 1948 within the French city of Fontainebleau, IUCN has grow to be the worldwide authority on the standing of the pure world and the measures wanted to safeguard it.


Lindsay Renick Mayer

International Wildlife Conservation

[email protected]

Goska Bonnaveira

Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

[email protected]

Jamie Copsey

Conservation Planning Specialist Group

[email protected]

Cecile Garcia

Division of Surroundings and Pure Assets

[email protected]