How ‘catastrophic ice crash’ 450,000 YEARS ago helped defeat Hitler – and other weird ways Earth changed our history

How 'catastrophic ice crash' 450,000 YEARS ago helped defeat Hitler – and other weird ways Earth changed our history

EARTH’S form and features have guided our whole history – and even helped defeat Adolf Hitler throughout WW2, a prime professor claims in his new e-book.

Professor Lewis Dartnell advised The Solar that London’s tube community, Labour voting patterns, New York’s tall skyscrapers and even California’s existence can all be defined by the natural world beneath our ft.

A brand new guide claims Earth’s natural options helped defeat Hitler – and change the UK’s political and metropolitan panorama

How an historic cataclysm helped the UK defeat Adolf Hitler

“Britain was created as an island about half one million years ago,” Dartnell informed us, referring to the Anglian glaciation 450,000 years ago, which specialists believed created the potential for Britain to separate off from continental Europe.

“There have been two great huge ice sheets – Scottish and Scandinavian – that unfold down and trapped an amazing massive lake of meltwater in front of them, which started to overspill this land and spill over in Calais.

“We used to be connected to Europe by a 30km-wide bridge of land. Water started spilling over in waterfalls, and the dam gave way in this mega-flood. This created Britain as an island.”

He stated this changed our history ceaselessly, permitting us to be shut enough to Europe to trade – however with the power to “step back behind a salt-water moat”.

 Hitler would be furious to learn that he may have been scuppered by 500million-year-old ice movements

Getty – Contributor

Hitler can be livid to study that he might have been scuppered by 500million-year-old ice movements

This protected us all through history, the professor believes.

“The last full-scale invasion of Britain was the Norman invasion of 1066, and we’ve been protected for a thousand years since then,” the University of Westminster boff stated.

“It’s protected us from the Spanish, who pulled together an Armada.

“It’s protected us from Hitler, who was able to Blitzkrieg across Europe.”

He went on:“The very fact we’ve had this moat is essential for British sovereignty – but in addition essential for European history.

“It’s prevented anybody energy from building an empire across all the Europe. This island nation has helped keep the stability of energy.

“So clearly our history and the history of Europe would be very different if Britain wasn’t an island.”

How dying timber helped safe Labour votes within the north

“In case you take a look at a political map of the place individuals around Britain voted, and particularly voted for Labour, you’ll see these clusters of Labour constituencies,” Professor Dartnell informed The Solar.

“These constituencies remain Labour regardless of which election you take a look at.

“If you examine that map of Labour voted to a geological map of the UK, you find very close correspondence – an virtually good match – to rocks of a political age: carboniferous, from round 320million years ago.”

 Labour votes and carboniferous rocks appear to be a direct match-up

Professor Lewis Dartnell

Labour votes and carboniferous rocks look like a direct match-up

Professor Dartnell explains that the carboniferous period was a “weird period for Earth”.

“Our planet’s recycling methods broke down and timber would grow and fall over and die, however wouldn’t rot.

“A huge quantity of coal built up from that carboniferous era, and fuelled the economic revolution.

“So the Labour votes are following the carboniferous rocks. The Labour Party was formed out of trade unions and miners.”

How flooding seas changed America’s voting patterns perpetually

There’s a comparable story in the USA, with a good “stronger chain of connections” in line with the professor.

“For those who take a look at the southern states, there’s an awesome massive sea of pink,” he advised us, referring to a political map of the USA.

“Southern states are likely to vote Republican – aside from this curve, a crescent of Democratic blue. For some purpose, counties are voting Democrat fairly than Republican.

“Once you take a look at the underlying geology, that crescent completely aligns. It’s sat proper on prime of rocks which are newer – cretaceous-age rocks.

“The chain of rationalization right here is that these cretaceous rocks have been laid down in a period of our history when the climate was. Warmer and sea ranges have been greater.

“Sea flooded into the UK, laid down sea-floor mud, fertile mud that compacted and was re-exposed as a cretaceous crescent. This provides you very fertile black rich soil.”

 Professor Dartnell has an explanation for an arc of Democrat votes in the USA's southern states

Professor Lewis Dartnell

Professor Dartnell has an evidence for an arc of Democrat votes within the USA’s southern states

This, Professor Dartnell believes, might be linked directly to the slave commerce.

And the results of that inhumane system can nonetheless be seen at the moment, politically.

“In the 1800s, this very fertile soil was great for rising cotton, a cash crop,” he stated.

“Rising cash-crop meant utilizing human slaves shipped over from Africa to work on plantations. And despite centuries of history since then, the most important concentrations of African American population’s communities alongside that arc of rocks are voting for democrats.

“Again there’s this really nice chain of causation, the way people vote and the elections today, linked to the ground beneath their feet.”

 This arc appears to match an arc of cretaceous-age rocks in the USA

Professor Lewis Dartnell

This arc appears to match an arc of cretaceous-age rocks in the USA

Why ‘crumpling’ rocks formed London – and its low skyline

London is a famously low metropolis, with just some small areas of skyscrapers – a far cry from Manhattan.

However it’s additionally obtained one of the world’s most well-known tube networks, and neither of those details are a coincidence, in line with Professor Dartnell.

“London, or the Thames basin, sits in what’s referred to as an anti-cline – a folding of the rocks that’s dipping down in this wedge shape that London sits within,” the professor defined.

“That rippling of rocks is identical means of the identical crumpling-up as the Alps mountain vary – continental Africa driving into Europe with continental drifts.

“London sits in a type of dips. London is a very clay-rich area that settles into the dip. So London isn’t a supportive metropolis for building very tall skyscrapers. All skyscrapers, like at Canary Wharf, are constructed with very deep – and subsequently costly – foundations.

 London's historic tube network is partly thanks to soft clay layers below ground

Getty – Contributor

London’s historic tube community is partly because of smooth clay layers under floor

“However the clay beneath London is an excellent materials to drill tunnels by way of. So London has acquired one of many first and most expansive tube networks of any metropolis.

“But notably very good in North London and sparse in South London, because the clay layer is dipped a bit deeper south of the river.”

How a long-lost mountain vary in New York led to Manhattan’s skyscrapers

This contrasts utterly with New York, and once again there’s a good purpose for that.

In line with Professor Dartnell, it is all to do with an historic mountain vary that not exists.

“Manhattan has obtained patches of very, very exhausting rock referred to as schist,” he informed The Solar.

“These outcrops of schist rock are the foundations of a completely historic mountain range, which might’ve appeared just like the Alps and Himalayas a few billion years ago.

 Remnants of an ancient mountain range makes it possible for New Yorks to build tall in Manhattan

Getty – Contributor

Remnants of an historic mountain range makes it attainable for New Yorks to construct tall in Manhattan

“The foundations of those, the stumps of those mountain ranges types excellent bedrock for building completely monumental skyscrapers on.

“There are two particular regions that have dense pockets of skyscrapers, Midtown and Downtown, which reflects this area of schist underneath the surface.”

How Earth’s wind changed international empires – and led to trendy California

It isn’t just rocks that have changed Earth’s history, nevertheless.

Professor Dartnell believes that the best way the wind works has additionally utterly changed the course of history.

“As a result of the environment circulates in a quite simple pattern around the Earth, the equator gets very warm, and air rises and rolls over itself at high altitudes, and then descends once more at about 30 levels north or south,” he defined.

“And that circulation current of air circulates again alongside the equator. Environment circulating and turning over equals wind. Because Earth just isn’t still, it’s rotating, as these winds blow again in the direction of the equator, they get twisted by the Coriolis effect.”

 Earth's wind bands have changed the way humans move around the planet

Professor Lewis Dartnell

Earth’s wind bands have changed the best way people move across the planet

There are lots of bands of wind going in several directions throughout Earth’s surface.

There are commerce winds that blow in one course, and westerly winds blowing in the other way.

These, Professor Dartnell says, changed how people navigated the world.

“You possibly can solely sail from specific locations on the earth by choosing the right wind band to sail in.

“That’s dictated lots of of years of sailing patterns and commerce routes.

 Spanish conquistadors relied on wind to travel to and colonise the Americas

Margaret Duncan Coxhead – Romance of History, Mexico / Wikimedia Commons

Spanish conquistadors relied on wind to travel to and colonise the Americas

“And probably the most strategic locations like Cape City on the southern tip of Africa, or California, which was necessary for the Spanish, that’s where the wind delivers you across the Pacific Ocean, should you sail from China.

“Again, that’s had influences for hundreds of years, shaping and moulding the modern world.”

Professor Lewis Dartnell’s guide Origins: How The Earth Made Us is in the stores now for £13.50 as a hardcover or £9.99 on Kindle – buy now

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Do you agree with Professor Dartnell’s explanations? Tell us within the comments!

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