Communists way back realized that it’s troublesome to realize the social disintegration needed to ready a rustic for communist revolution by selling class division alone.
Class is amorphous; it will probably change within a era. In a free society, an formidable particular person can rise from beggar to billionaire in a lifetime. Class is an unreliable wedge concern for revolutionaries, particularly in Western free-market societies.
Ethnic, spiritual, and especially racial differences are extra secure. The divisions are deeper; the differences, extra obvious; and their histories, extra imbued with bitterness and hatred. Few individuals care that their grandparents have been poor, but many may care that they have been slaves or dispossessed of their ancestral lands by a rival racial or ethnic group. Such resentments can final for generations.
Subsequently, trendy Marxist-Leninists have persistently, even scientifically, exploited ethnic and racial divisions to realize revolutionary ends.
The ‘National Question’
Father of the Soviet state Vladimir Lenin said in “The Socialist Revolution and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination”:
“The aim of socialism is not only to end the division of mankind into tiny states and the isolation of nations in any form, it is not only to bring the nations closer together but to integrate them. … In the same way as mankind can arrive at the abolition of classes only through a transition period of the dictatorship of the oppressed class, it can arrive at the inevitable integration of nations only through a transition period of the complete emancipation of all oppressed nations, i.e. their freedom to secede.”
In different phrases, before revolutionaries can combine all nations into a worldwide socialist super-state, present nations have to be damaged down and fractured along class and racial strains.
Lenin’s successor, Joseph Stalin, developed these concepts further in his famous essay “Marxism and the National Question.” In essence, Stalin believed revolutionaries ought to destroy focused nations by encouraging ethnic or racial minorities to work towards a separate state, to secede or break free from their present nation. In trendy occasions, this has been prolonged to campaigns for bilingualism, separate justice methods, reparations for slavery, land confiscations, and so on.
Worldwide communism’s first ruling physique, the Comintern, said, “There can be no Bolshevization without a correct policy on the national question.”
Communist revolutionaries promoted National Question-type insurance policies everywhere in the world. In Ireland, the Communist Get together played on the Protestant–Catholic spiritual divide. In Scotland, communists shaped the Scottish Nationwide Social gathering to help break up the UK. In Australia, communist agitators labored among the many Aboriginal population to divide the country. They did the identical in my residence nation of New Zealand with the Maori “land rights” movement. In France and Spain, communists backed the Basque separatist motion. In Canada, communists agitated for a separate French-speaking state in Quebec. Beginning within the 1930s, communists backed third-world racial and ethnic nationalist rebellions towards their British, French, Spanish, Dutch, and Portuguese colonial masters—with socialists or communists taking up in virtually every case.
Exploiting Real Grievances
It is very important observe that communists are most profitable when there are genuine grievances to be exploited. It is extremely arduous to worsen racial conflict in a free nation where everyone is treated equally earlier than the regulation. Liberty and rule of regulation is the most effective inoculation towards revolution.
In america, the Communist Celebration started work on the Southern black inhabitants within the late 1920s. Some communist operatives have been despatched South to set up revolutionary cells in black communities.
The preliminary demand was land. Following Stalin to the letter, the communists agitated to create a black-run, separate nation in the Southern states.
Main Southern black communist Harry Haywood wrote in “For a Revolutionary Position on the Negro Question” in 1958:
“The Negro question can only be solved by giving the land to the Negro soil tiller, whose labor has paid for it a thousand occasions over. The Negro question can solely be solved on the idea of full improvement of the Negro nation in the Deep South underneath socialism.
“The territory of the Deep South belongs to the Negro people. They have earned it, as no other people have earned a homeland.”
After World Warfare II, American communists realized Stalin’s ideas may work in Central Asia but have been hopelessly unrealistic in the USA. So the plan was changed to agitating for full civil rights for Southern blacks.
The communists arrange the American Negro Labor Congress, League of Wrestle for Negro Rights, Worldwide Labor Protection, Nationwide Negro Congress, the Civil Rights Congress, Negro Labor Victory Committee, Southern Negro Youth Congress, and different organizations to deliver more blacks into the motion.
The civil rights motion was vital and just. However it was riddled with communists from prime to bottom. The aim was first to liberate the blacks from Jim Crow, then to utilize their growing political power to push for socialist change—more and more by way of the Democratic Get together—then to push on to socialism.
A 2003 Communist Get together USA (CPUSA) report, “The National Question,” states:
“The national question is an enormous part of the CPUSAs program. An important part of our battle from here to socialism is an answer to the national query.
“In national elections, African Americans vote more overwhelmingly against the extreme right than any other group, mainly using the Democratic Party vehicle. In the 2000 Presidential race Black voters represented 10% of those who voted. … Because they vote almost unanimously as a block in most elections, African Americans have a level of influence beyond their actual numbers.”
The report went on to state:
“In our country the national question is a complex of issues. There will be different streams in different national struggles. Different national groups will have their own specific demands and tactics. It is not enough to make general calls for unity. The big challenge is to find ways to build unity while taking into account the correct demands of all racially oppressed groups.”
In 2013–2014, several activists affiliated with the Maoist-leaning Freedom Street Socialist Organization (FRSO) created Black Lives Matter (BLM) after the 2012 killing of black teenager Trayvon Martin in Florida by a neighborhood watch volunteer.
The website The Feminist Wire reported the founders as saying: “Black Lives Matter is an ideological and political intervention in a world where Black lives are systematically and intentionally targeted for demise. It is an affirmation of Black folks’ contributions to this society, our humanity, and our resilience in the face of deadly oppression.”
When black teenager Michael Brown was killed in self-defense by a policeman in August 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri, the town erupted into a number of weeks of rioting, looting, and arson—which also spread to a number of different cities.
In spring 2015, the New York–New Jersey District of FRSO sponsored a forum titled “Ferguson: The Movement So Far and Lessons for Coming Struggles.” The primary speaker was “our comrade,” Montague Simmons, chair of the FRSO-controlled Organization for Black Wrestle in St. Louis, Missouri.
Simmons revealed that OBS and its BLM and FRSO comrades helped recruit about 10,000 out-of-state radicals to take part in the protesting.
Concentrating on Minority Teams
The CPUSA and different communist teams, notably FRSO, have applied some variant of the Nationwide Query technique to virtually each racial minority in the country.
Both pro-Soviet and Maoist communists labored to advertise the concept much of the southwestern United States, which they call “Aztlan,” really belongs to Mexico and ought to be returned to that nation. Marxist groups similar to La Raza Unida Social gathering and the Maoist-leaning Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan (MEChA) have promoted that idea for decades.
On April 9, 1975, California-based Marxist educational Jorge Acevedo addressed a letter in Spanish to a number of well-known U.S. Hispanic activists, including Lorenzo Torrez, the Arizona-based head of the CPUSA’s Chicano Equality Fee; Los Angeles communist and Chicano leader Bert Corona; Dolores Huerta and Cesar Chavez of the United Farm Staff union; New Mexico land-rights activist Reies Lopez Tijerina; Colorado Chicano chief “Corky” Gonzales; and José Ángel Gutiérrez of the Texas La Raza Unida Celebration.
The letter referred to the Soviet Consulate in San Francisco, Chicano participation within the Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow, a training middle for third-world Marxist leaders on Chicano self-determination, and the “socialist system.” The letter defined a proposal acquired from the Soviet Consul in San Francisco.
The Soviets needed the addressees to seek out students of each sexes to enroll within the Patrice Lumumba College in Moscow for the tutorial yr beginning in September 1975. The Soviets defined that their socialist system sought “to support the Chicano self-determination movement.”
The proposal in all probability went nowhere, because even by then, most mainstream communists had given up on giving the Southwest again to Mexico and have been as an alternative trying to harness Latino voting power behind their allies in the Democratic Get together.
Based on the March 6, 2004, problem of the CPUSA’s Individuals’s Weekly World, “Communist Party leaders and activists met here to discuss plans to bring out the broadest possible Mexican American and Latino vote to defeat the ultra right in the November elections and to strengthen the CPUSA’s work among this section of the population.”
It added that Torrez, chair of the Social gathering’s Mexican American Equality Fee, had “reviewed the Commission’s work in the recent period” and proposed organizing “a left-center Latino coalition” to create “progressive sentiments of U.S. Latinos.”
It also said that Rosalío Munoz, CPUSA organizer in Southern California, famous: “The presidential race will be decided in key ‘battleground states.’ A number of these, such as Arizona, New Mexico, and Colorado, are states where Mexican Americans are concentrated.”
FRSO additionally sees America’s fast-growing Latino population as having nice revolutionary potential. Its website states: “For 5 hundred years, [email protected] [sic] peoples across political borders have struggled for independence, peace, justice, democracy, and for Mother Earth.
“Revolutionary change in the U.S. and beyond will require a strong [email protected] left, organizing for racial, language, national, and cultural justice within the U.S. … [email protected] will comprise one third of the U.S. population within a generation; winning the next generation to socialism is an imperative.”
Throughout World Conflict II, the CPUSA expelled ethnic Japanese members and supported President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s coverage of interning Japanese-People in guarded camps throughout the conflict.
In the 1970s, America’s Maoists intentionally reopened those wounds by campaigning for “reparations” and official apologies to the internees and their households.
The League of Revolutionary Wrestle (LRS) and different Maoists labored by way of the Nationwide Coalition for Redress/Reparations, Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress, Japanese American Residents League (JACL), and the Nationwide Council for Japanese American Redress.
In accordance with the Nikkei for Civil Rights and Redress web site: “We held numerous boards to teach and activate the group to take part within the Redress Movement. In 1987, we organized a lobbying delegation of over 120 Nikkei to Washington D.C.
“Since the historic signing of the CLA in 1988, NCRR has vigorously fought to ensure that redress becomes a reality for all those who were deprived of liberty during World War II. In 1989, when appropriations for the CLA became stalled, we rallied the community to push for appropriations. In October 1990, redress became a reality, as Japanese Americans began to receive redress in the form of a presidential apology and $20,000 monetary compensation.”
The broader objective was to radicalize younger Japanese-People and draw lots of them into the socialist movement—and to deepen divisions in American society.
The LRS (which later merged with FRSO) also labored to radicalize Chinese-People. In the 1970s, LRS’s predecessor group I Wor Kuen established the Chinese Progressive Association, with branches in San Francisco, Boston, and New York. These organizations used ethnic delight, racial grievance, and Chinese nationalism to attract hundreds of young Chinese language-People into the revolutionary pro-Beijing orbit. The as soon as solidly pro-Taiwan San Francisco Chinese group is now solidly within the Beijing camp.
Bay Space Asian-American group organizations sponsored a forum in Chinatown to “make the link between U.S. imperialism and racism against Asians in the U.S.” on July 8, 2001, in line with a report on the communist website Battle Back News.
Gordon Mar, a former LRS supporter and Chinese Progressive Association president, was quoted by the web site as saying, “Mainstream Asian American organizations oppose racism but won’t make the link to U.S. and corporate policy abroad.”
In accordance with Struggle Back News: “While these mainstream organizations object to the elevated racism of the American public and media in the direction of China and Chinese People, additionally they try to distance themselves from China by encouraging Asian People to grow to be extra patriotic and to precise their loyalty to the U.S.
“We’re here because the U.S. was in our homelands. The message our community needs to hear is that as long as U.S. imperialism rules in Asia, Asians living in the U.S. will be denied true equality and continue to face national and racial oppression. Rather than distancing ourselves from Asia, we need to find ways to unite our struggles.”
Communists additionally work intently with Native American organizations.
Created in 1971, the American Indian Movement (AIM) was quickly captured by excessive parts with communist connections, together with the Means brothers, the Bellecourt brothers, Dennis Banks, and others. The group gained international attention in 1973 by seizing an Indian Bureau building at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, which led to the killing of two FBI brokers and the seizure of the abandoned penitentiary at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
In 1974, AIM leader Clyde Bellecourt addressed conferences in several cities with CPUSA chief Angela Davis and her National Alliance Towards Racist and Political Repression.
In 2016, a number of thousand Native People and their supporters converged on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota to oppose the proposed Dakota Entry pipeline, which might carry crude oil from the Bakken oil area to refineries in the South. The protests lasted several months and included a number of situations of violence and sabotage.
One of the primary activists at the website, Judith LeBlanc of the Native Organizers Alliance, led training packages for the assembled activists. LeBlanc serves on the National Committee of the CPUSA. By shutting down the pipeline, the communists might each weaken the U.S. financial system and improve racial division in a diabolic “win-win” state of affairs.
Divide and conquer is the name of the game. Everywhere in the world, communists are using racial, ethnic, and spiritual variations to weaken focused nations. Nearly each major race riot, race-based protest, land-rights or reparations motion, or affirmative motion program in the last 100 years has been communist impressed, instigated, or abetted indirectly. Typically the floor cause was just, and some good issues have been achieved. However the long-term objective was all the time socialism.
Racial harmony is possible, but only in free societies the place all are handled equally by the government.
The communists don’t need freedom, equality, or concord. “National Question” politics seeks to liberate no one. Finally, it is designed to first divide, then enslave us all.
Trevor Loudon is an writer, filmmaker, and public speaker from New Zealand. For greater than 30 years, he has researched radical left, Marxist, and terrorist actions and their covert affect on mainstream politics.
Views expressed on this article are the opinions of the writer and do not necessarily mirror the views of The Epoch Occasions.